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【科技报道】研究人员使用声音将鱼叫回死珊瑚 Researchers Use Sounds to Call Fish Back to Dead Coral

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-12-09 10:11:18

A team of scientists says that playing sounds underwater can get fish to return to areas with severely damaged coral reefs.

In an experiment, they found fish returned after hearing recordings of the sounds of a healthy ocean reef.

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一个科学家小组说,在水下玩声音可以使鱼返回到珊瑚礁遭到严重破坏的地区。

在一个实验中,他们发现健康的珊瑚礁的声音记录下来后,鱼就返回了。


The international team included scientists from the British universities of Exeter and Bristol, as well as Australia's James Cook University. The research results were reportedin the publication Nature Communications.

The scientists placed underwater speakers in areas where coral had been dyingin Australia's northern Great Barrier Reef. They played the sounds over a period of about a six weeks in 2017 and studied the results. The team reported that twice as many fish arrived in areas where the sounds of healthy coral were played.


国际团队的成员包括来自英国埃克塞特大学和布里斯托尔大学以及澳大利亚詹姆斯库克大学的科学家。研究结果发表在出版物《自然通讯》上。

科学家将水下扬声器放置在澳大利亚北部大堡礁的珊瑚垂死地区。他们在2017年播放了大约六周的声音并研究了结果。研究小组报告说,到达有健康珊瑚声音的区域的鱼类数量增加了一倍。


The sounds also led to a 50 percent increase in the number of species present in the area, the researchers found. Among the arriving fish were species that feed on all major food sources.

The researchers noted the importance of having many different kinds of fish return to the area. Different species of fish perform many activities that support the ocean environment and sea life. "Damaged reefs have a higher chance of recovery if they have healthy fish populations," the scientists wrote in the report.


研究人员发现,声音还导致该地区存在的物种数量增加了50%。到达的鱼类中有以所有主要食物为食的鱼类。

研究人员指出,让许多不同种类的鱼类返回该地区非常重要。不同种类的鱼类执行许多支持海洋环境和海洋生物的活动。科学家在报告中写道:“如果鱼类健康,受损的珊瑚礁有更高的恢复机会。”

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Steve Simpson is a professor at the University of Exeter who helped lead the research. He said in a statementthat "healthy coral reefs are remarkably noisy places." They contain the sounds of many kinds of shrimp, fish and other sea creatures. Young fish listen for these sounds when they are looking for a place to settle, Simpson said.


史蒂夫·辛普森(Steve Simpson)是埃克塞特大学(University of Exeter)的教授,他协助领导了这项研究。他在一份声明中说,“健康的珊瑚礁非常吵闹。”它们包含许多虾,鱼和其他海洋生物的声音。辛普森说,幼鱼在寻找栖息地时会听到这些声音。

他补充说,当珊瑚礁遭受通常与人为污染有关的破坏时,它们会“变得幽静幽静”。珊瑚的破坏会引起难闻的气味和声音,从而驱赶虾和鱼。但是实验表明,水下扬声器的使用是使幼鱼回来的有效方法。


He added that reefs "become ghostly quiet" when they suffer destruction that is usually related to human-caused pollution. Coral damagecan cause unappealing smells and sounds that drive shrimp and fish away. But the experiment suggested that the use of underwater loudspeakers was an effective way to get young fish to come back.


Mark Meekan is a fish biologist with the Australian Institute of Marine Science. He said in a statement that the return of these fish is the first step to seeing major improvements in reef health. "Recovery is underpinned by fish that clean the reef and create space for corals to regrow," he said.


马克·米肯(Mark Meekan)是澳大利亚海洋科学研究所的鱼类生物学家。他在一份声明中说,将这些鱼归还是看到珊瑚礁健康得到重大改善的第一步。他说:“鱼类的恢复为清洁珊瑚礁创造了空间,并为珊瑚的繁殖提供了空间。”

蒂姆·戈登(Tim Gordon)是埃克塞特大学研究小组的另一位成员。他说,他相信声音可以用来将死海的珊瑚带回世界各地遭受严重破坏的地区。


Tim Gordon was another member of the research team from the University of Exeter. He says he believes sound can be used to bring back dead coral in areas suffering major destruction in oceans across the world.

"Boosting fish populations in this way could help to kick-start natural recovery processes, counteracting the damage we're seeing on many coral reefs around the world," Gordon said.

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University of Bristol professor Andy Radford said the underwater sounds are a promising way to fight coral reef damageat the local community level. But he noted that other threats need to be reduced as well. These include climate change, pollution and overfishing.


戈登说:“以这种方式增强鱼类种群数量将有助于启动自然恢复进程,抵消我们对全世界许多珊瑚礁的破坏。”

布里斯托大学的教授安迪·拉德福德(Andy Radford)说,水下声音是在当地社区对抗珊瑚礁破坏的一种有前途的方法。但是他指出,其他威胁也需要减少。其中包括气候变化,污染和过度捕捞。


Gordon added, "From local management innovations to international political action, we need meaningful progress at all levels to paint a better future for reefs worldwide."

戈登补充说:“从本地管理创新到国际政治行动,我们需要在各个层面上取得有意义的进步,才能为全球珊瑚礁创造更美好的未来。”


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

coral reef – n.underwater structures made up of stony corals

species – n.a group of plants or animals that share similar qualities

remarkably – adv.in a way that makes you feel surprised

ghostly – adj.like a ghost in appearance; unnatural

underpin – v.give support or strength to something

kick-start – v.to make something start to happen

innovation – n.a new idea or method of doing something


链接:

IBM公司为发展中国家提供更精准详细的天气预报 Better Weather Predictions Coming to the Developing World

联合国报告:过去十年可能是有史以来最热门的十年 UN Report: Last 10 Years Likely the Hottest Decade on Record


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