首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 健康报道 > 【健康报道】照顾好你的牙齿,照顾好你的心脏 Take Care of Your Teeth, Take Care of Your Heart

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【健康报道】照顾好你的牙齿,照顾好你的心脏 Take Care of Your Teeth, Take Care of Your Heart

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-10 18:13:23

Cleaning your teeth often, every day, is linked to a lower risk for heart problems. A new study found that brushing your teeth several times a day resulted in fewer cases of heart failure and atrial fibrillation— the term for an uneven heartbeat.

Heart failure happens when the heart cannot do its job of pumping blood through the body.

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每天经常清洁牙齿与降低患心脏病的风险有关。一项新研究发现,每天刷牙几次可减少心力衰竭和心房颤动(心跳不均匀)的发生。

当心脏无法完成其通过身体抽血的工作时,就会发生心力衰竭。


What the research found is that brushing your teeth three times a day, or more, was linked to a ten percent lower risk of atrial fibrillation. It was also linked to a twelve percent lower risk of heart failure.

The study was published last Monday in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.


研究发现,每天刷牙三次或以上与房颤风险降低百分之十有关。它也与心力衰竭风险降低百分之十二有关。

该研究于上周一发表在《欧洲预防心脏病学杂志》上。


The researchers examined information on more than 161,000 people in Korea with no history of heart problems.

They followed up ten and a half years later, and found that three percent had developed uneven heart rhythms and almost five percent had developed heart failure.

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研究人员检查了在韩国没有心脏病史的161,000多人的信息。

十年半后,他们进行了随访,发现3%的人出现了心律不齐,近5%的人出现了心力衰竭。


All the participants in the study were part of the Korean National Health Insurance System, and aged 40 to 79. They had usual medical exams between 2003 and 2004. Information was collected on their height, weight, laboratory tests, sicknesses, and lifestyle. They also noted their mouth health in connection with cleaning.


该研究的所有参与者均为韩国国民健康保险体系的一部分,年龄在40至79岁之间。他们在2003年至2004年之间进行了常规体检。收集了有关其身高,体重,实验室检查,疾病和生活方式的信息。他们还指出与清洁有关的口腔健康。


Heart and teeth health connection

You may wonder, how are teeth health and heart health connected?

Earlier research suggests that not taking care to clean and brush teeth leads to bacteria in the blood. This can cause inflammation, and increases the risk for unusual heartbeat and heart failure.


您可能想知道,牙齿健康与心脏健康之间是如何联系的?

较早的研究表明,不注意清洁和刷牙会导致血液中的细菌。这会引起炎症,并增加发生异常心跳和心力衰竭的风险。


A study last year by the American Heart Association showed that brushing your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes may lower the risk of cardiovascular, or heart, diseases.

That study looked at a smaller group of fewer than 700 people. The AHA said that the researchers found that people who brushed less than twice a day for less than two minutes were three times more at risk, compared to those who brush at least twice a day for two minutes.


美国心脏协会去年进行的一项研究表明,每天刷牙两次至少两分钟可能会降低患心血管疾病或心脏病的风险。

该研究针对的是人数少于700人的较小群体。 AHA说,研究人员发现,每天刷牙少于两分钟,少于两分钟的人的风险是每天刷牙两次,少于两分钟的人的三倍。

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Gums are the soft tissue structure that hold the teeth. They need to be cleaned as well. Experts say if gums are not cared for this way they can become inflamed. They say there is a connection between such inflammation, and future heart disease.

The lead investigator of the new study is Tae-Jin Song, a doctor and professor at Mokdong Hospital at Ewha Womans University in Seoul, South Korea. He noted "we studied a large group over a long period, which adds strength to our findings."


牙龈是握住牙齿的软组织结构。它们也需要清洗。专家说,如果不这样保护牙龈,它们可能会发炎。他们说,这种炎症与将来的心脏病之间存在联系。

这项新研究的主要研究者是韩国首尔梨花女子大学木洞医院的医生兼教授Tae-Jin Song。他指出:“我们长期研究了一大群人,这为我们的发现增加了力量。”


But he said that the research was limited to one country and as an observational study does not prove causation.

The American Dental Association agrees. The organization said "this study is interesting, and while it may suggest an association between tooth brushing and heart health, it does not show a direct connection."

To have good oral health, the ADA advises people to:


但是他说,这项研究仅限于一个国家,因为观察性研究并不能证明因果关系。

美国牙科协会同意。该组织表示:“这项研究很有趣,尽管它可能暗示了刷牙与心脏健康之间存在关联,但并未显示出直接联系。”

为了保持良好的口腔健康,ADA建议人们:


  • Brush their teeth twice a day for two minutes each time with a fluoride toothpaste

  • Clean between their teeth once per day

  • Maintain a healthy diet

  • See a dentist regularly


  • 每天两次用氟化物牙膏刷牙,每次两分钟

  • 每天清洁一次牙齿

  • 保持健康饮食

  • 定期去看牙医


Mouth care companies have taken note. Some manufacture electric toothbrushes programmed to run for two minutes. That way, people do not have to watch the time while brushing their teeth.

口腔护理公司已经注意到。 一些制造的电动牙刷编程运行两分钟。 这样,人们在刷牙时就不必看时间。


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

brush – v.to clean something with a brush—a tool with many stiff hairs or fibers used to clean or smooth

participant – n. a person who is involved in an activity or event

inflammation – n.a condition in which a part of your body becomes red, swollen, and painful

causation – n.the act or process of causing something to happen

association– n. a connection or relationship between things or people

fluoride – n.a chemical that is sometimes added to drinking water and toothpaste to help keep teeth healthy


链接:

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没有证据证明可以防止跑步受伤 No Evidence Stretching Prevents Running Injuries

托福写作两个fair分值是多少

托福作文25分很难吗

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