首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 科技报道 > 【科技报道】森林能帮助养活世界人口 Forests can help feed the world's population

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【科技报道】森林能帮助养活世界人口 Forests can help feed the world's population

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-10 17:46:19

Experts predict nine billion people will live on our planet by 2050.They say by that time demand for food will be two times what it is now.Officials are worried about that prediction because many people already suffer from a lack of food.More than 800 million people go to bed hungry.


专家预测,到2050年,地球上将有90亿人居住。他们说到那时对食物的需求将是现在的两倍。官员们担心这一预测,因为许多人已经饱受缺粮之苦。超过8亿人饿着肚子上床睡觉。


A solution to the problem may be as close as our forests.A new report says forests could help reduce hunger and improve nutrition if they are properly managed.


解决这个问题的办法可能和我们的森林一样近。一份新的报告说,如果森林管理得当,它们可以帮助减少饥饿和改善营养。


Sayay Veoun works at the Cambodian Federation for Bee Conservation.He says some of the best honey in the world comes from forests in southern Cambodia.


Sayay Veoun在柬埔寨蜜蜂保护联合会工作。他说世界上最好的蜂蜜来自柬埔寨南部的森林。

He says they work with five local honey buyers who work with 42 honey collectors.


他说,他们与5位当地蜂蜜买家合作,他们与42位蜂蜜收藏家合作。


People like Hak Laang buy the honey at stores in the capital,Phnom Penh.


像哈康这样的人在首都金边的商店里买蜂蜜。


She says it smells like fresh flowers.She says the smell means it is natural honey from the jungle.


她说闻起来像鲜花。她说这种气味意味着它是来自丛林的天然蜂蜜。


Healthy forests provide half of the fresh fruit we eat worldwide.They also produce valuable crops like coffee,avocados,cashews and other healthful seeds and nuts.


健康的森林提供了全球一半的新鲜水果。它们还生产有价值的作物,如咖啡、鳄梨、腰果和其他有益健康的种子和坚果。


Bhaskar Vira is the director of the University of Cambridge Conservation Research Institute and an expert with the International Union of Forest Research Organizations,or IUFRO.It recently released a report at the United Nations about forest and jungle foods.


Bhaskar Vira是剑桥大学保护研究所所长,也是国际森林研究组织联盟(IUFRO)的专家。它最近在联合国发布了一份关于森林和丛林食品的报告。


Mr.Vira says crops that grow on trees can help feed people living in and around forests.


维拉说,种植在树上的作物可以帮助养活生活在森林里和周围的人们。


"It's like an insurance policy.Having access to those tree-based foods is hugely important when you can't buy food from other sources or when you can't produce food because your fields have failed."


“这就像一份保险单。当你不能从其他来源购买食物,或者因为田地歉收而无法生产食物时,获得这些以树木为基础的食物是非常重要的。”


The growing of crops requires fields.Many fields are created by clearing,or removing,trees.But Mr.Vira says properly managed fields and forests can exist together.He says if you increase food production in the field,you can keep the forest and trees.He says they are important for the products and services they provide.


庄稼的生长需要田地。许多字段是通过清除或移除树创建的。但Vira先生说,妥善管理的田地和森林可以共存。他说,如果你增加农田的粮食产量,你就可以保持森林和树木。他说,它们对它们提供的产品和服务很重要。


The report says that forest health and economic value improves when people who live in or near forests are given greater control of them.For example,a project in Ghana aims for proper management of forests and fields together.The people involved hope to grow the Allanblackia plant.The oil from its seed can be used in soap,beauty products and food.


报告说,当生活在森林中或森林附近的人们得到更大的控制时,森林健康和经济价值就会提高。例如,加纳的一个项目旨在共同妥善管理森林和田地。涉案人员希望能种出这种安氏植物。从种子中提取的油可用于肥皂、美容产品和食品。


Okai Michael Henchard leads the project.He says he will help people who live nearby.He says they earn money and get trees on their land.The trees provide shade and improve air quality.Mr.Henchard says the project also helps fight climate change.


奥凯·迈克尔·亨查德领导这个项目。他说他将帮助住在附近的人。他说他们挣钱在他们的土地上种树。这些树提供树荫,改善空气质量。亨查德说,该项目也有助于应对气候变化。


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