首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 科技报道 > 【科技报道】科学家竞相记录波多黎各的沿海遗产 Scientists Race to Document Puerto Rico’s Coastal Heritage

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【科技报道】科学家竞相记录波多黎各的沿海遗产 Scientists Race to Document Puerto Rico’s Coastal Heritage

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-10 17:20:11

A group of scientists is hurrying to document ancient ruins on the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico. The sites, along Puerto Rico's coast, date back a few thousand years. The scientists are working as fast as they can before rising sea levels destroy a large part of the island's history.

Scientists hope to use the three-dimensional(3D) images they have taken to help identify which sites are most at-risk to natural disasters and other dangers.

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一群科学家急于记录在美国波多黎各领土上的古代遗址。沿波多黎各海岸的遗址可以追溯到几千年前。在海平面上升摧毁该岛大部分历史之前,科学家们正在尽一切努力。

科学家希望使用他们拍摄的三维(3D)图像来帮助确定哪些地点最容易遭受自然灾害和其他危险。


Falko Kuester is director of the Cultural Heritage Engineering Initiative at the University of California, San Diego. He said, "A big part of what we're working on is to make the invisible visible and make sure it stays in our memory."

The university, known as UCSD, is involved in the research project. Also involved are its Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Para la Naturaleza, an environmental group based in Puerto Rico.


Falko Kuester是加利福尼亚大学圣地亚哥分校的文化遗产工程计划的主任。他说:“我们正在努力的很大一部分是使不可见的可见并确保它保留在我们的记忆中。”

该大学名为UCSD,参与了该研究项目。还参与了其斯克里普斯海洋学研究所和位于波多黎各的环保组织Para la Naturaleza。


The work started in August 2017. Scientists first explored a large stretch of land along Puerto Rico's north coast. That area includes a ceremonial center used by the Taino Indians about 2,000 years ago, said Isabel Rivera Collazo.

Rivera is an environmental archaeologist at UCSD and directing the project. She said the scientists found what appears to be a large settlement just east of the ceremonial site. It was discovered with help from drone aircraft and other technology, including 3D images. She added that scientists were also able to map out the shape of the ceremonial site.

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这项工作于2017年8月开始。科学家首先探索了波多黎各北海岸的一大片土地。伊莎贝尔·里维拉·科拉佐(Isabel Rivera Collazo)说,该地区包括大约2000年前塔伊诺印第安人使用的礼仪中心。

里维拉(Rivera)是加州大学圣地亚哥分校(UCSD)的一名环境考古学家,并负责该项目。她说,科学家们在仪式现场的东边发现了一个似乎很大的定居点。它是在无人机飞机和其他技术(包括3D图像)的帮助下发现的。她补充说,科学家们还能够绘制出仪式地点的形状。


The Tainos once lived on many islands in the Caribbean Sea. But after the arrival of Christopher Columbus and other Europeans, the indigenous people were nearly all killed.

Rivera said, "Up to today, there is still a lot we don't know about indigenous culture along our coasts. It's not in our history books...we want to recover that information before it disappears."


塔伊诺人曾经生活在加勒比海的许多岛屿上。但是,克里斯托弗·哥伦布(Christopher Columbus)和其他欧洲人到来后,土著人民几乎全部被杀害。

里维拉说:“直到今天,我们对沿海的土著文化仍有很多了解。这在我们的历史书中都没有……我们希望在这些信息消失之前对其进行恢复。”


Puerto Rico's Department of Natural Resources has said the sea level around the island is rising by more than 3 millimeters every year. However, climate change has more immediate effects. These include the destruction of the island's coastline and natural habitats.

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Some scientists say that warmer temperatures in the Caribbean increase the number and strength of storms. Puerto Rico faces the possibility of storms every year for six months during the Atlantic hurricane season. Scientists noted that large amounts of water caused by Hurricane Maria washed away part of the area they are studying.


波多黎各自然资源部表示,该岛周围的海平面每年上升3毫米以上。但是,气候变化具有更直接的影响。其中包括破坏该岛的海岸线和自然栖息地。

一些科学家说,加勒比海温度升高增加了风暴的数量和强度。在大西洋飓风季节,波多黎各每年面临着六个月暴风雨的可能性。科学家指出,飓风“玛丽亚”造成的大量水冲走了他们正在研究的部分地区。


Eric Lo is an engineer with UCSD's cultural heritage initiative. He flew to Puerto Rico in August 2017 to launch the project one month before Maria struck the island. Lo was surprised at what he saw when he returned to the U.S. territory months later.

He said, "Pieces of land where I had stood and flown the drone didn't exist anymore. They were underwater."


埃里克·卢(Eric Lo)是UCSD文化遗产倡议的工程师。他于2017年8月飞往波多黎各,在玛丽亚袭击岛屿一个月前启动了该项目。 Lo几个月后回到美国领土时看到的一切使他感到惊讶。

他说:“我站立和飞行的无人机已经不存在了。它们在水下。”


Scientists are now trying to find out how badly the hurricane and loss of land have affected the archaeological site they are studying.

The scientists are using 3-D models based on drone images to measure areas and explore other details.


科学家们现在正试图找出飓风和土地流失对他们正在研究的考古遗址有多严重的影响。

科学家们正在使用基于无人机图像的3D模型来测量区域并探索其他细节。


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

habitat – n. the place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows

indigenous – adj. produced, living, or existing naturally in a particular region or environment

initiative – n.a plan or program that is intended to solve a problem

invisible – adj. impossible to see; not visible

three-dimensional – adj.having or seeming to have length, width, and depth


链接:

研究:气候变化可能导致美国的鸟变小 Study: Climate Change May Be Causing Smaller American Birds

阿拉斯加冰川以创纪录的速度萎缩 Alaska's Glaciers Shrinking at Record Rate

托福独立写作题型介绍

托福写作评分标准介绍

托福写作复议成功率高吗


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