首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 健康报道 > 【健康报道】怀孕期间哮喘发作与健康问题有关 Asthma Attacks in Pregnancy Tied to Health Problems

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【健康报道】怀孕期间哮喘发作与健康问题有关 Asthma Attacks in Pregnancy Tied to Health Problems

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-10 17:14:43

A new study from Canada says asthma attacks during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of health problems for mothers and their babies.

Researchers looked at data on more than 100,000 pregnancies from nearly 60,000 women. The women had given birth in Ontario, Canada from 2003 to 2012.

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加拿大的一项新研究表明,怀孕期间哮喘发作与母亲及其婴儿的健康问题风险增加有关。

研究人员查看了来自将近60,000名妇女的100,000多次怀孕的数据。这些妇女于2003年至2012年在加拿大安大略省分娩。


All of the women in the study had asthma, but only some had asthma attacks during pregnancy. Asthma is a physical condition that makes breathing difficult.

The women who had asthma attacks during pregnancy were 17 percent more likely to have hypertension. They were also 30 percent more likely to have dangerously high blood pressure known as preeclampsia, the study found.


该研究中所有女性均患有哮喘,但只有少数女性在怀孕期间发作哮喘。哮喘是一种身体状况,使呼吸困难。

怀孕期间患有哮喘的妇女患高血压的可能性增加了17%。研究发现,他们患子痫前期危险性高血压的可能性也增加了30%。


They also more often had babies with low weight, pretermbabies or babies with birth defects.

"Nearly 40 percent of pregnant women decrease or stop taking asthma medication because they are worried that it could be harmful to their unborn babies," said Teresa To in a statement. To is the lead writer of the study. She is with the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada, and the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute in Ottawa.


他们还经常有体重轻的婴儿,早产儿或有先天缺陷的婴儿。

特雷莎·杜在一份声明中说:“近40%的孕妇减少或停止服用哮喘药物,因为他们担心这种药物可能会对未出生的婴儿有害。”托是这项研究的主要作者。她在加拿大多伦多的病童医院和渥太华东部安大略研究所的儿童医院任职。

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She said the study shows that severe asthma symptoms"present a greater risk to mother and baby."

The study was not designed to prove whether or how asthma attacks during pregnancy might cause complications for mothers or babies. But it is possible asthma attacks reduce oxygen supplies for both women and their developing babies, To said.


她说,研究表明,严重的哮喘症状“对母亲和婴儿构成更大的风险”。

该研究并非旨在证明怀孕期间哮喘发作是否或如何引起母亲或婴儿的并发症。 To说,哮喘发作可能会减少妇女及其发育中婴儿的氧气供应。


Asthma is the most common chronic disease during pregnancy, happening in up to 13 percent of pregnancies, To and others from the research team wrote in the European Respiratory Journal.

In about one in three pregnant women, asthma worsens during pregnancy, earlier research had found.


研究团队的To和其他人在《欧洲呼吸杂志》上写道,哮喘是怀孕期间最常见的慢性疾病,多达13%的人怀孕。

较早的研究发现,在三分之一的孕妇中,哮喘在怀孕期间恶化。


For the current study, researchers looked at data on women through pregnancy, as well as data on their babies for up to five years. They found that children were 23 percent more likely to develop asthma in early childhood when mothers had asthma attacks during pregnancy. These children were also 12 percent more likely to have pneumonia during the first five years of life.

In addition, pregnant women who had asthma attacks were more likely to be older, and more likely to smoke or to have limited income or insecure housing, the study found.


在当前的研究中,研究人员研究了怀孕妇女的数据以及长达五年的婴儿数据。他们发现,母亲在怀孕期间发作哮喘时,儿童在幼儿早期患哮喘的可能性增加了23%。这些孩子在生命的头五年中患肺炎的可能性也增加了12%。

此外,研究发现,患有哮喘的孕妇更有可能年龄较大,吸烟,收入有限或住房不安全的可能性更大。


Researchers note that one limitation of the study is that it might not always correctly identify women with uncontrolled symptoms. Some women with five or more doctor visits for asthma symptoms during pregnancy could be controlling their illness well.

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Even so, the results confirm the importance of carefully watching asthma during pregnancy, Professor Jorgen Vestbo said in a statement. He leads the European Respiratory Society's Advocacy Council and is a researcher at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom.


研究人员指出,这项研究的局限性在于它可能无法始终正确地识别出症状不受控制的女性。一些孕妇在怀孕期间有五次或更多次就医出现哮喘症状的妇女可能会很好地控制自己的病情。

即便如此,结果仍然证实了在怀孕期间仔细观察哮喘的重要性,Jorgen Vestbo教授在一份声明中说。他领导欧洲呼吸学会的倡导委员会,并且是英国曼彻斯特大学的研究员。


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

associate– v. to group an item or person with others by some common factor

data– n. facts or information used usually to calculate, analyze, or plan something

preterm– adj. born alive before 37 weeks of pregnancy are completed.

(birth) defect– n. a problem with how baby's organs or body parts form, how they work, or how the body turns food into energy.

symptom– n. a change in the body or mind which indicates that a condition or disease is present

chronic– adj. continuing or happening again and again for a long time

income– n. money that is earned from work, investments or business


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