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【常速字幕】比萨斜塔为何屹立不倒 Why Leaning Tower of Pisa can't stand

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-12-10 16:02:37

In a severe earthquake the ground moves like this,but in spite of numerous earthquakes that have hit the town of Pisa in central Italy,its famous Leaning Tower is still standing 646 years after it was finished.


在一次强烈的地震中,地面像这样移动,但是尽管意大利中部的比萨镇发生了多次地震,它著名的斜塔在建成646年后仍然屹立不倒。

University of Bristol professor George Mylonakis says it is because the tower stands on relatively soft ground that serves almost like a comfortable cushion.The soil moves but the tower doesn’t move,like riding the waves.So hard the soil being stiff the waves would have hit the tower and the tower would have possibly if not probably collapsed.


布里斯托尔大学的乔治·迈洛纳基斯教授说,这是因为塔矗立在相对柔软的地面上,几乎就像一个舒适的垫子。土壤在移动,但塔却不移动,就像乘风破浪一样。由于土壤太硬,海浪会冲击塔楼,如果不可能倒塌的话,塔楼也有可能倒塌。


However,measurements taken over time showed that the tower continued to tilt,so in a major restoration project that started in 1990 and lasted over a decade,its foundation was stabilized and the tower was straightened by 45 centimeters.


然而,随着时间的推移,测量结果表明塔继续倾斜,因此在1990年初开始并持续了10年的重大修复工程中,地基稳定,塔架45厘米直。


We are much more optimistic about the Tower of Pisa,the earthquakes there are more modest in magnitude and intensity.And the effect of the ground,the help that the tower receives from the ground is so important and so strong that we are optimistic that we’ll survive for hundreds if not thousands of years.Latest measurements confirmed that the tilting has stopped and the tower is once again open for visits.


我们对比萨塔更加乐观,那里的地震震级和烈度都比较适中。地面的影响,塔从地面得到的帮助是如此重要和强大,以至于我们乐观地认为,我们将生存数百年甚至数千年。最新的测量证实,倾斜已经停止,塔再次开放参观。


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