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【常速字幕】肥胖成全球性问题 Obesity is a global problem

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-12-10 17:22:26

Los Angeles resident Kathleen Mulcahy has been fighting with her weight for 55 years.My parents had a baby,a son and he died at birth and so that was sort of I was 7 and I think that was the time I started gaining weight.My mother died when I was 12 very suddenly and then my weight just escalated,she is not alone.A growing number of people are overweight or obese particularly in urban areas worldwide including developing countries.


洛杉矶居民凯萨琳·马尔卡希(Kathleen Mulcahy)与体重抗争了55年。我父母有一个孩子,一个儿子,他在出生时就死了,所以我大概7岁了,我想那是我开始发胖的时候。我12岁的时候我妈妈突然去世了,然后我的体重又增加了,她并不孤单。越来越多的人超重或肥胖,特别是在包括发展中国家在内的世界城市地区。

Fast foods,transnational corporations,soft drink companies going into these developing countries,are having a very huge influence on the overweight and obesity epidemic because they’re adding calories and processed foods,salt and sugar into the diet that these people have not normally been eating.People’s lifestyles are also changing in developing countries.As people urbanize and make more money and have more sedentary lives,they are also putting on weight and following the pattern of the United States.


进入这些发展中国家的快餐、跨国公司、软饮料公司对超重和肥胖症的流行产生了巨大的影响,因为它们在这些人通常不吃的饮食中添加了卡路里和加工食品、盐和糖。在发展中国家,人们的生活方式也在改变。随着人们城市化,赚更多的钱,有更多的久坐生活,他们也在增加体重,并遵循美国的模式。


Psychotherapist Dena Solomon says there is also another reason why people are gaining weight globally.You know people are moving away from their family of origin.They don’t have a support system that’s going to help them also manage and have relationships as options for dealing with stress so people are turning to food.


心理治疗师Dena Solomon说,全球范围内人们体重增加还有另一个原因,你知道人们正在离开他们的家庭。他们没有一个可以帮助他们管理和处理人际关系的支持系统,因此人们开始转向食物。


While fad diet may help with quick weight loss,keeping off the weight is more of a challenge.At sustaining at weight loss,the studies overwhelmingly show that plant-based diets are good long-term,you are motivated.Instead of focusing on what you eat,Solomon helps people maintain weight loss by working with the mind to change a person’s eating behavior.She helps her clients like Mulkahy be more self-aware by having them write down everything they eat before they eat.That awareness,that sense of conscientiousness becomes more powerful than the immediate gratification of food but you have to learn it,it has to become a habit.


虽然时尚饮食可能有助于快速减肥,但保持体重更是一个挑战。在保持减肥方面,研究压倒性地表明,植物性饮食是长期的,你是有动机的。所罗门不是专注于你吃什么,而是通过改变一个人的饮食行为来帮助人们保持减肥。她让像Mulkahy这样的客户在吃饭前把吃的东西都写下来,从而帮助他们更加自觉。这种意识,那种责任感变得比食物的即时满足更强大,但你必须学习它,它必须成为一种习惯。


It’s worked from Mulkahy who has sustained her current weight for almost three years.You get such a sense of accomplishment and a sense of power and efficacy that you can apply it to everywhere.Maintaining a healthy weight not only helps with a positive self-image but it will also fend off health problems such as heart disease,diabetes and even some forms of cancer.


这项研究是由穆尔卡伊完成的,她目前的体重已经维持了将近三年。你有一种成就感,一种力量感和效能感,你可以把它应用到任何地方。保持健康的体重不仅有助于树立积极的自我形象,而且还能抵御诸如心脏病、糖尿病甚至某些癌症等健康问题。


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