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【雅思阅读】剑桥雅思阅读真题训练及答案 剑桥雅思阅读真题练习

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-12-11 15:50:00

剑桥雅思阅读真题是大家非常好的雅思阅读复习材料,因为剑桥雅思的题目非常多,大家可以有针对性的选择其中的文章来练习,今天为大家分享的是关于文明的一篇文章,这也是雅思阅读考试乐于出的文章类型,大家可以对照原文、翻译和答案解析来利用好这篇文章,希望可以帮助大家复习。

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Questions 14-20

Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-viii, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.


List of Headings

i Different accounts of the same journey

ii Bingham gains support

iii A common belief

iv The aim of the trip

v A dramatic description

vi A new route

vii Bingham publishes his theory

viii Bingham’s lack of enthusiasm


14 Paragraph A

15 Paragraph B

16 Paragraph C

17 Paragraph D

18 Paragraph E

19 Paragraph F

20 Paragraph G

The Lost City

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A When the US explorer and academic Hiram Bingham arrived in South America in 1911, he was ready for what was to be the greatest achievement of his life: the exploration of the remote hinterland to the west of Cusco, the old capital of the Inca empire in the Andes mountains of Peru. His goal was to locate the remains of a city called Vitcos, the last capital of the Inca civilisation. Cusco lies on a high plateau at an elevation of more than 3,000 metres, and Bingham’s plan was to descend from this plateau along the valley of the Urubamba river, which takes a circuitous route down to the Amazon and passes through an area of dramatic canyons and mountain ranges.


B When Bingham and his team set off down the Urubamba in late July, they had an advantage over travellers who had preceded them: a track had recently been blasted down the valley canyon to enable rubber to be brought up by mules from the jungle. Almost all previous travellers had left the river at Ollantaytambo and taken a high pass across the mountains to rejoin the river lower down, thereby cutting a substantial corner, but also therefore never passing through the area around Machu Picchu.


印加文明的图标

答:当美国探险家和学者希拉姆·宾厄姆(Hiram Bingham)于1911年到达南美时,他已为自己一生中最大的成就做好了准备:探索印加帝国古都库斯科以西的偏远腹地在秘鲁的安第斯山脉。他的目标是找到印加文明的最后一个首都维特科斯(Vitcos)的遗迹。库斯科位于海拔3,000多米的高原上,宾厄姆的计划是沿着乌鲁巴巴河河谷从高原上下降,这条takes回的路线一直向下到达亚马逊河,并穿过一片巨大的峡谷和山脉。


B当宾厄姆和他的团队于7月下旬出发前往乌鲁班巴时,他们比之前的旅人有优势:最近,一条滑道冲下了山谷峡谷,使mu子从丛林中提起了橡胶。几乎所有以前的旅行者都离开了Ollantaytambo的河,高高地越过山脉,重新进入了河道的下游,从而形成了一个坚固的拐角,因此也从未穿过马丘比丘周围的地区。


In boxes 21-24 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this


21 Bingham went to South America in search of an Inca city.

22 Bingham chose a particular route down the Urubamba valley because it was the most common route used by travellers.

23 Bingham understood the significance of Machu Picchu as soon as he saw it.

24 Bingham returned to Machu Picchu in order to find evidence to support his theory.


Questions 25-26

Complete the sentences below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 25-26 on your answer sheet.

25 The track that took Bingham down the Urubamba valley had been created for the transportation of ______

26 Bingham found out about the ruins of Machu Picchu from a ______ in the Urubamba valley.

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Question 14

答案:iv

关键词:Paragraph A

定位原文:A段第二句:“His goal was to locate the remains of a city called Vitcos, the last capital of the Inca civilisation.”

解题思路:A段第二句提到他的目标是找出维特科斯城市遗址,维特科斯是印加文明的最后一个首都。文中的goal对应标题iv中的aim。


Question 15

答案:vi

关键词:Paragraph B

定位原文:B段:“When Bingham and his team set off down the Urubamba…”

解题思路:B段提到当宾汉和他的团队从乌鲁班巴出发时,他们比之前的旅行者有优势,山谷中新拓了一条小道用于运输丛林中的橡胶,而之前的旅行者都是采用的不同的路线。因此与标题vi对应。


Question 25

答案:rubber

关键词:track; transportation

定位原文:B段第一句:“… a track had recently been blasted down the valley canyon to enable rubber to be brought up by mules from the jungle.”

解题思路:B段第一句提到当宾汉和他的团队从乌鲁班巴出发时,他们比之前的旅行者有优势,山谷中新拓了一条小道用于运输丛林中的橡胶。


Question 26

答案:farmer

关键词:ruins of Machu Picchu

定位原文:C段第三句:“His companions showed no interest in accompanying him up the nearby hill to see some ruins that a local farmer, Melchor Arteaga, had told them about the night before.”

解题思路:C段提到是当地一个农夫告诉了宾汉和其同伴有关遗址的信息。


以上就是关于印加文明的一篇剑桥雅思阅读真题的训练及答案,文章还是比较有难度的,包括文章的内容都是大家不了解的,所以大家平时才要多去阅读雅思阅读文章来源的杂志等,丰富自己的文章储备。


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